• It is the cleanliness of the place, the clothes, the body, the removal of the impurity, the unpleasant smells and all that is harmed by others, whether for worship such as prayer, or the meeting with others and is done with ablution or washing with water,

Water types

  1. Purified water is suitable for ablution and washing with it, which remains on its origin and has not changed its color, smell or taste,
    Like rain water, snow, ocean water, seas, rivers, water that springs from the earth like Zamzam water, and water that comes out of wells
  2. And clean water, but not suitable for ablution
    Like water with a lot of soap – or water mixed with oil or water mixed with pure material such as tea, drinks or water mixed with saffron
  3. Unclean water (unclean water) changed by mixing it with impure things, so it is not suitable for ablution or washing
    Such as blood, blood, wine, impure or urine

Etiquette of entering the bathroom

The Muslim must, upon entering into the desert, invoke the prayer of the desert in the name of God. Oh God, I seek refuge in you from malice and malice, and at the exit he asks God for forgiveness by saying: Your forgiveness.
The etiquette of eliminating need:

  • Not receiving the kiss of prayer in urine and faeces
  • Not to remove the impurity with his right, but to use the left
  • To spend his need sitting
  • Not to reveal the ‘awrah until after the door is closed
  • Take care to remove impurity after completing the need
  • The impurity must be washed or wiped three times
  • That the person does not urinate in static water
  • Not to urinate in the way of people, or in the shadow of people in whom shade
  • He should not greet the one who satisfies his needs, and does not return peace when he is in the place of eliminating the need
  • It is desirable for the person who satisfies his need to put his left foot on the right in the entry and the right in the exit


is washing and wiping some parts of the body in order to raise the event, which is a duty for those who wanted to pray or wanted to circumambulate at home and so on.

Characteristic of ablution:

He intends to perform ablution with his heart, then he says in the name of God and wash his hands three times, then swish and inhale and breath three times, then wash his face three and then wash his arms and elbows three times, then wipe all the visible parts of his head from the edge of the face to his face and enter his index finger in his ears and wipe his thumbs out then wash his legs with his heels three times

Conditions of ablution

  • A bowl of water
  • Removing what prevents water from reaching ablution members
  • Intention

The pillars of ablution

  • Wash the face once
  • Wash hands to the elbows once
  • Wiping the head once
  • Wash the men to the heels once

The obligations of ablution

  • Naming
  • Loyalty
  • Rinsing the mouth once
  • Inhalation once
  • Excitement at once
  • Pickling fingers and toes
  • tayamun in washing hands and feet
  • Ears clearing

Sunnah of ablution

  • Miswak
  • Wash the hands at first ablution
  • Deuteronomy, rinsing the mouth, inhalation, and excitability
  • Arrangement between the members of ablution
  • Massage
  • Rinsing the mouth and inhaling in one room
  • Rinsing the mouth and swelling in the left
  • Excessive rinsing and inhalation except fasting
  • Drying organs after ablution
  • Praying after ablution
  • Praying two rak’ahs after ablution or more

Abolition ablution

  • What comes out of the human urine, feces or wind
  • deep sleep


 the use of soil for purity for prayer in the absence of clean water,

Conditions for tayammum

For tayammum to be valid, conditions must be fulfilled as follows

  • Loss of water and its absence in the place where the Muslim is located, or was present in a small amount used for drinking even if he did ablution with it; This will destroy him and his companions.
  • Fear of using water despite its availability due to illness, such as wounds, burns, ulcers, skin diseases, or fractures if water was used on it; The infection multiplied and the condition worsened
  • Searching for water everywhere, if it is unable to find water, it is permissible to do tayammum

Description of tayammum

He intends to turn his heart over, then he calls God and hits the soil with his hands with one blow, then wipes his face first by passing the palms of his hands on his face, then wiping each other, and thus he has completed the tayammum and has become pure and can perform the prayer

Invalidate tayammum

As tayammum negates the presence of water, and its availability negates tayammum, which nullifies ablution.